Archive for May 11th, 2011


May 11th, 2011 1 comment

Mama, looking beautiful on Mother’s Day, 2011

(2 months from turning 99!)

She has been a mother for 82 years.

photo: Louise Riddle

Presbyterian Hummingbirds

May 11th, 2011 1 comment

All creatures great and small, the Lord God made them all.

Email from Jim Mentzer:

At our church, Calvary Presbyterian, there is a  narrow garden between the big windows on the right side and a wall facing Hawthorne Blvd.

The church sexton, Maria Martinez, keeps a hummingbird feeder in the garden. Every spring a pair of hummingbirds builds a nest there.

Last year the church was scheduled to be tented for termites.  When they discovered that the hummingbirds were in residence  the tenting had to be postponed until the babies had flown and the nest was abandoned.

This year the same pair or another pair was back. When the mother was seen sitting on her egg, secretary Kathee Van Horn took a  picture and put it in the church newsletter for everyone to enjoy.

Thanks Jim.    Three cheers for the good folks at Calvary Presbyterian! I think they have made converts of some very grateful hummingbirds.

Dinosaurs lived in Arkansas? News to me!

May 11th, 2011 Comments off

In August 1972, Joe B. Friday discovered the remains of the right hind foot of a dinosaur in a shallow pit on his land in Lockesburg  (Sevier County) .

He found the bones in rocks belonging to the Lower Cretaceous Trinity Group, which consists of deposits of clay, sand, gravel, limestone, and the evaporite minerals gypsum and celestite.

Friday donated the bones to the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville,  where they are kept in the University Museum Collections at the Arkansas Archeological Survey.

UA professor James Harrison Quinn gave the bones the informal name “Arkansaurus fridayi” in 1973.  He cleaned and assembled the bones and compared them to the feet of two similar-appearing dinosaurs previously described in the scientific literature. He constructed clay models of the missing bones to complete a partial foot. Casts of the foot may be viewed at the Arkansas Geological Survey and the Museum of Discovery,both in Little Rock.

“Arkansaurusfridayi” is a type of bipedal coelurosaur dinosaur, a group of theropods that includes the subgroups Tyrannosauridae, Ornithomimidae, and Maniraptora.

Its nearest relative was thought by Quinn to be an Ornithomimus, a bird or ostrich-like dinosaur, and a 2003 study by Rebecca Hunt still regards this dinosaur as an unknown species. This is due in part to a poor record of theropods in the eastern United States and the lack of a complete skeleton with which to make comparisons.

The foot bones of “Arkansaurus fridayi” are the only dinosaur bones found in Arkansas that have been brought to the attention of the scientific community. The bones were found in Early Cretaceous age rocks from approximately 146 to 100 million years ago.

The only other evidence of dinosaurs in Arkansas is a trackway.  [A trackway is a path of preserved footprints left by dinosaurs.]  There were between 5,000 and 10,000 assorted tracks found by strip mining for gypsum near Nashville (Howard County).  This trackway was made by large four-legged herbivorous dinosaurs. “Arkansaurus fridayi” was much smaller, walked on two legs, and was probably carnivorous.

Other dinosaur bones similar to “Arkansaurus fridayi” have been found in Utah, Montana, and Maryland.  Scientific evidence from these fossils suggests that these dinosaurs were small, lightly built, gracile diosaurs that were predatory in nature.


Sleepy? Sleep Apnea? Maybe.

May 11th, 2011 Comments off

Sleep apnea occurs when your breathing is disrupted during sleep. Men, overweight people, and people over 40 are at greater risk for sleep apnea. Untreated sleep apnea can cause hypertension, stroke, or heart failure.

The most common symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea  (OSA) that you may notice include:

  • Excessive daytime sleepiness.
  • Waking with an unrefreshed feeling after sleep, having problems with memory and concentration, feeling tired, and experiencing personality changes.
  • Morning or night headaches. About half of all people with sleep apnea report headaches.
  • Heartburn or a sour taste in the mouth at night.
  • Swelling of the legs.
  • Getting up during the night to urinate (nocturia).
  • Sweating and chest pain  while you are sleeping.

Symptoms of sleep apnea that others may notice include:

  • Episodes of not breathing (apnea), which may occur as few as 5 times an hour (mild apnea) to more than 50 times an hour (severe apnea). How many episodes you have determines how severe  your sleep apnea is.
  • Loud snoring. Almost all people who have sleep apnea snore, but not all people who snore have sleep apnea.
  • Restless tossing and turning during sleep.
  • Nighttime choking or gasping spells.


Oh, what a night!

May 11th, 2011 Comments off

I was tested for sleep apnea. Here I am ready for bed. Only for you dear readers do I show this lovely picture.

Instead of an overnight stay at Kaiser, a small group (7) of us were given a two hour presentation about the condition and then shown how to wear the equipment we were to sleep in that night.

The machine strapped to my chest recorded movement during the night, whether I slept on my r-l side or on my back; it also recorded respiration and number of times breathing was  stopped (apnea) or to a lesser degree (hypnea).

After a miserable night wearing the thing, where my sleep was just terrible, I figured whatever the worst condition was, I would have it.  The next day we took the machine in and got the report.  Because it was raw data, they wouldn’t give us a copy so I have to depend on memory until I speak with my primary physician who will explain in more detail.

I average a total of apnea/hypnea 4.3 times an hour.  A score of 5 times an hour is considered a mild condition.  The number, and seriousness increases dramatically in some people. (30, 40, and above)

When they analyzed the data they saw that when sleeping on  my sides I am normal, it was only on my back that I have the problem. That puts me in a category of not needing a CPAP machine.

Although I think I am sleeping all night on my sides, I obviously am not.    I really don’t like the exhausted, jet-lag feeling I get when I lose sleep, so I will work to correct my sleeping position. (Losing a few pounds probably wouldn’t hurt either.)

How about you?  Do you have a snoring/sleeping/tired problem?  Get checked out.  Sleep Apnea can be a serious condition.    You can learn more about it on WebMd and many other health related sites.

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